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The Human Body Quiz

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Created by Rhys Hunter

1. How many and name the major functions of the kidney.





The kidneys, on average, circulate blood volume is filtered ________times per day.





When blood arrives via afferent arterioles at the nephron in the Glomerulus (Renal Corpuscle). From there blood pressure forces dissolved solutes into the________, where the blood remains behind and is the blood vessels.





The filtrate that passes through from the Glomerulus into the Bowman's capsule then pass into the ________.





The broad sequence of blood passing through the kidney begins with blood arriving at the Afferent arteriole. From there blood pressure forces fluid and dissolved substances from the Glomerulus (Renal corpuscle) into the Bowman's capsule. The filtrate then moves along a series of tubules, which serve physiologically different functions. The first is the proximal convoluted tubule which_________ . From there the filtrate passes through the ________ , which is responsible for both water absorption (descending portion) and ion absorption.





Once the moves through the Loop of Henle it then moves to the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The DCT is responsible for ________ (sodium reabsorption and secretion of acids and ammonia). Fluid then passes from the DCT to the collecting tubule, which is also responsible for the reabsorption of water, sodium and bicarbonate.





Glomerulus is primarily responsible for?





What is GFR (in relation to the kidney) and what does it mean?





Does the distal convoluted tude (DCT) have the sole responsibility of water reabsorption?



Eventually, the tubules lead to the renal pelvis, which then down the ureters into the bladder for excretion as urine.





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